It should be noted that this data is now somwhat dated!
Australia has naturally and widely occurring acid soils, but the extent has
been increased by agricultural practices since European settlement,
principally through the export of calcium in agricultural products, the use of
acid-producing fertilisers, the widespread use of legumes, the leaching of
soluble anions (particularly nitrates) below the root zone of annual crops and
pastures, and insufficient use of lime to replace lost calcium (SoE, 1998).
Acidification impacts on biophysical condition by producing soils that are
suitable only for a narrow range of plants and few crops (which typically
prefer a soil pH of 5.5 a 7.0) and limits crop productivity and agricultural
Drainage waters have a lower base status and are likely to have low biotic
The Digital Atlas of Australian Soils (1:2M) has been assessed in terms of
acid buffering capacity.
The NLWR land-use map (1:1M) has been used to determine areas of intensive
Intensive agriculture is defined as cropping and improved pasture practices,
as these land-uses tend to involve significant fertiliser use.
Where these land-use practices coincide with areas with an inherently low acid
buffering capacity (i.e. most vulnerable to acidification), a soil
acidification risk is defined.
The methodology is sound, but data reliability is low.
The indicator assumes that naturally acidic soils are at risk of greater
acidity through intensive land-use activities.
This indicator cannot be interpreted unequivocally because land management
practices are ignored.
The indicator has not been validated against the assessment question.
The main areas of acidification hazard are in the temperate and Mediterranean
climate zones of southern Australia.
The affected areas include most of the ILZ in Western Australia (Albany Coast,
Frankland, Donnelly, Blackwood, Busselton, Collie, Murray, Avon, Greenough,
Murchison basins) and Victoria (Campaspe, Loddon, Portland), southeastern
catchments in South Australia (Glenelg, Fleurieu Peninsula, Myponga and
The tablelands and western slopes of New South Wales show areas of higher
acidity hazard in the finer scale assessments.
Tasmania, Queensland and the Northern Territory are rated in the better
Data are available as:
See [further metadata](http://data.daff.gov.au/anrdl/metadata_files/pa_iccilr9ab
__07721axx.xml) for more detail.